What is the full form of MLA?
MLA Full Form : Member of the Legislative Assembly (India)
A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative of Lok Sabha as per Ref. Art. 81. MLA elected by the voters of a district in the constituency to the legislature of State government. From each constituency of a district , the people elect one representative who then becomes a member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Each state has few MLAs for every Member of Parliament (MP) that it has in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of India’s bicameral parliament. There are also members in three unicameral legislatures in Union Territories that is the Delhi Legislative Assembly, Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly and Puducherry Legislative Assembly Ref. Art. 54.
According to Indian the Constitution In states where there are two houses, State Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) and a State Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) as per Ref. Art. 79.The Legislative Council is also known as upper house, where as Legislative Assembly is call lower house of the state legislature.
Creation or abolition of Legislative Council, the Legislative assembly of the State should pass a resolution by a special majority followed by an Act of Parliament Ref. Art. 169.
Qualification for become an MLA:
The qualifications required to become a member of the Legislative Assembly Ref. Art. 84.
i) The person must be a hold a citizenship of India
ii) Lower age limit is not less than 25 years of age to be a member of the Legislative Assembly.
iii) He must be a voter of any constituency of the State.
iv) The person should not be mentally ill or abnormal.
v) No Criminal cases pending against the candidate.
vi) A person must not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any state other than that of a Minister for the Indian Union.
The member is elected by the people of that particular constituency of a district and represents those people in the legislative assembly.
Tenure of MLA Post:
The members of Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies are directly elected by the people for the period of five years Ref. Art. 83.The term of the Legislative Assembly may be extended 6 months at a time during an emergency situation. However, it may be dissolved earlier than that by the Governor on recommendation of the CM.
However, before the completion of time period, if the Lok Sabha is dissolved (no party forms the government with majority support), for this case a fresh election will be conducted again.
Role & Responsibility of MLA:
The Lok Sabha makes ‘Laws’ on matters those included in Union List and Concurrent List and it introduce and enact money and non-money bills. An MLA can exercise his legislative powers on the State List and as well as the Concurrent List Ref. Art. 328.
State list deals with the following matters.
o Local Government
o Public Health
o Trade and Commerce
o Livestock and Animal Husbandry
o State Public Services.
Concurrent list deals with the following matters.
o Transfer of Property other than Agricultural land
o Trade Unions
o Adoption and Succession.
Executive Roles of MLA:
Members of the Legislative Assembly in each state has certain executive powers. Article No. 257 (1) states that the executive power of each State shall be so exercised that as not to impede or prejudice the exercise of the executive power of the Union. The Executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of such directions to a State as may appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose only.
The ruling government is answerable to the Legislative Assembly for all its decisions and activities. A vote of no-confidence can be passed only by the MLAs in any state that, if passed by a majority number then force the ruling government to resign. Cut and Adjournment Motions and Question Hour exercised by the MLA in order to restrict the executive organ of the state government machinery.
Electoral Roles & Responsibility:
The Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) have certain electoral powers such as the following:
- Elected Members of the Legislative Assembly comprise the Electoral College that elects the President of India Ref. Art.54.
- MLAs elect the members of the Rajya Sabha Ref. Art. 80, who represent a particular State.
- It elected the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly Ref. Art. 93 & 94.
- Members of the Legislative Assembly elected one-third of the members of the Legislative Council, In States.
- MLAs appoint the various Committees to the House.
Special Powers of Lok Sabha:
Regarding Money Bills, the Lok Sabha has the exclusive power and hence, the Rajya Sabha cannot initiate, reject, or amend money bills Ref. Art. 110.
Amendment/s made by the Rajya Sabha to the Money Bill in that case Lok Sabha may or may not be accepted by the proper excuse.
MLA also highlight the issues in debates in the assembly that they think Ministers need to consider the issues and take action about. They also have work to do in their own constituencies where they elected. It is their role to represent the people living thereby listening to their views and also helping them to solve problems.
MLA Full Form in hindi विधान सभा का सदस्य .